What a load of greedy rubbish!

The UK’s Financial Times has just published a letter from 20 economists demanding that the 50p in the £ top rate of tax in the UK charged on those earning more than £150,000 a year be abolished.  These eminent people tell us that: “the fragile state of the UK economy” requires it.  Apparently, cutting the rate of tax for those reaching £150,000 a year in income (and remember this rate only applies to that part of income that is above that level) will help restore economic growth in Britain – but not investing more, not cutting taxes for the poorest working families, not reversing cuts in public spending or the reductions in public services.  No, just cut the top rate of tax for the richest earners.

These economists go on to argue that Britain’s 50p income tax rate for those earning more than £150,000 a year “is doing lasting damage to the UK economy” because the UK now has “one of the highest personal tax regimes in the industrialsied world, making it less competitive internationally and less attractive as a destination for foreign investment and talented workers”.

What rubbish!   First, the UK rate is not among the highest in the OECD.   According to the OECD, there are at least six other countries with the same or higher top income tax rate:  Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Japan, Netherlands and Sweden.  And what’s more, the UK rate only applies to the top 1% of income earners or 328,000 people.  So it applies to people who earn at least five times the average gross wages of an adult full-time worker in the UK.  The top rates in these other countries are applied to income earners on way less than that multiple of the average.  In the case of Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands, it applies to all average income earners.

So, in no way is the UK personal top tax rate out of line.    On the contrary, it is very mild.   Moreover, the UK  is  not a high personal tax economy that would dissuade all these rich people from coming here to help us out with their great skills.  If that were true, why don’t all the rich Scandinavians come here as our top rate is lower than theirs!  They don’t because even rich people don’t decide where to work or live just on some top rate of tax.

Again, according to the OECD, the average personal income tax rate in the UK is 25.5% for a single person with no children and 24% for a one-earner married couple with two children.  There are 12 OECD countries with higher rates for single earners and ten for married couples with children.  When all sorts of local and central taxes on labour income are included along with social security payments, the average wage earner in the UK pays 37.5% in taxes.  That compares with 35.2% in ‘low tax’ America.    But the rate is higher in Austria, Belgium, Czech republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and even Turkey!   Where Britons pay much more is in VAT, petroleum tax, transport fares, airport charges and utility bills.  And remember, many of those countries paying higher taxes get much better public services and benefits by paying more.

Moreover, all the economies with a higher top rate of personal tax than the UK are growing faster, not slower (even Japan if you exclude the effect of the earthquake and tsunami).   And all of them have higher living standards by any way you want to measure it.  So it seems that a high rate of personal tax for top earners is no dampener of growth or living standards.

The reality is that the most of the rich people in the UK, as elsewhere, are not even subject to this tax as they ‘earn’ their money through profits from their companies, dividends on their shares, or capital gains or interest on their investments.  They don’t ‘earn’ much from actual work.   Most of these top income earners are either bankers who also get huge pension contributions and share options, so that actual wages are a small part of their annual ‘compensation’.  Others are the so-called fat cats in the top echelons of the public sector (heads of the national health service, schools and colleges and various government agencies and political departments).  They should be paying more tax, shouldn’t they?   And are any these groups of ‘talented people’ really desperately needed to get the UK economy going?

The demand for a cut in the rate for the top 1% of British income earners  is just so much greed and hogwash.

2 Responses to “What a load of greedy rubbish!”

  1. Jurriaan Bendien Says:

    One supplementary point: the issue is not really the tax rate itself, as the Marxists claim, but the ratio of tax actually paid by the wealthy to the income and net assets of the wealthy. Formally, the highest income tax bracket may be 50%. But this is only a statement about a bracket of “taxable income”. It tells us nothing about how much or what proportion the actual tax paid by the wealthy is. The point is that the actual proportion of tax paid by the wealthy is often less than what the average worker or middleclass person pays (as noted by Mr Buffett). In Germany, a group of 50 rich people ridicules the anti-egalitarian policies of the state, which tries to take income away from the weakest groups in society. They have formed a “tax me harder” movement calling on Angela Merkel to “stop the gap between rich and poor getting even bigger”. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/29/tax-us-more-say-wealthy-europeans The statistical point to be made here is that inequality can increase, both because those at the top end earn more, or because those at the bottom end earn less – independently of each other.

  2. Silvano Says:

    A marginal tax rate of 50% is not very efficient. Many people, especially in public sector, can strive for non monetary compensation like more power, bigger budgets etc. and many private enterprises can increase non monetary compensation like fringe benefits, bigger offices, etc. to reward talented people. Anyhow, yes, basically corporate taxes, business freedom and rule of law are much more relevant.

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